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The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection or ICSI is a procedure which addresses male infertility and is used during the IVF treatments. Sperm is injected into a mature egg to develop into the embryo, which will then be placed implanted into the surrogate mother’s womb.
ICSI is an option for men whose sperm count is too low or inadequate to ensure fertilization of eggs and it is the ideal solution for the couples who do not want to choose donor sperm.
The eggs are collected from the intended mother and one sperm will be deposited into each egg. The eggs will take several days to be fertilized and two to four of them will be placed into the uterus for implantation. The rest of the eggs could be frozen in the case the process has not been successful.
Studies show that almost 50% of the IVF procedures use ICSI technology and the fertilization success varies from 70% to 85% if this method is used. There is always the risk of multiple births if more embryos are implanted.